There are three main basics of a good essay structure, which helps in planning and organising the materials available to you for writing your essays.

The introduction part of an essay is to identify the main subject(s) of the matter, clarify and then substantiate the approach of analysis you are going to use and finally evaluate the quality of the evidence that you have. Your introduction part should include the following:

 Comments on the subject matter of your essay

 Expatiate more on any difficult vocabulary term used in your title including keywords.

 Make your reader(s) know what aspect of the topic you aim to write about and the reason(s) behind this.

The introduction stage usually should be at least 5% of your essay, that could be a paragraph or full page.

Main body is the second stage where the evidence is offered, examined and argued with supported evidence. Each topic should be developed and supported with examples and illustrations. Your materials should be broken down into paragraphs, each with a unique topic. These paragraphs may contain the following:

 Raising an issue and /or

 Develop an issue

Often the first sentence is the topic sentence, which means that it should explain what your paragraph is about.

When developing your arguments you must remember to move from point to point and from paragraph to paragraph. Always remember to remind the reader(s) where you have been and where you are heading to.

Linking the words is usually used as keyword to help you reader(s) link one paragraph to another. Essays can be developed from one paragraph to the other as well as words which you use to link each word.

1. Cause and effect: the cause in tour essay can be discussed in one paragraph and the effect in the other or vice versa, by doing this you are pointing out a relationship or coming to a conclusion.

Linking words such as: “as a result”, “thus”, “therefore”, “consequently”, “for this reason”, “because of”.

2. Positive and negative aspects: you can compare and contrast the positive and negative aspects of a topic or you might discuss the positive in a paragraph and negative in the other.

Linking words includes: “but”, “however”, “on the other hand”, “although”.

3. Sequence of events, which means before and after: you can show the next or previous steps of the event you are discussing.Linking words includes: “then”, “after that”, “finally”, “ultimately”, “following”, “first”, “secondly”, “thirdly”.

4. Illustration: you can support your argument by giving an example or a scenario of what you having been talking about.Linking words can include: “for example”, “for instance”, “such as”, “that is”.

5. Extension: by extending your idea, or expanding your argument, giving more examples.Linking words include: “similarly”, “moreover”, “furthermore”, “in addition”, “not only”.

Note that it is essential to cross check your essay for errors well after your essay has being written.

The last stage in Essay Structure is the CONCLUSION part where everything your essay contained is put together in summary.

Your conclusion part should contain:

 Summary of your keywords

 Answers to the main question asked, be specific though your answers might not be straight forward.

 Generalize your conclusion from your arguments

 In concluding, you may also explain deeper and broader about implications.

• Please avoid bringing in a new topic or argument

• Your conclusion should be about 7-8% of your essay

Note that it is essential to cross check your essay for errors well after your essay has being written.


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